If you are starting with this post, however, you might want to go back and check out my first post about it here to get the lowdown on all the benefits of probiotics and what surprising foods are rich in those magic little microorganisms.
I've been posting how-to's and recipes on some foods (more to come, too) but wanted to also talk about some already prepared foods that might be an interesting and quick way to get those little buggers into your system. (Don't forget, though, that heating kills the beneficial microorganisms, so the least amount of processing and cooking possible means the healthiest food possible.)
So let's get to it! Today's food star? Miso!
A pretty indispensable ingredient in Japanese cuisine, miso is made from fermenting barley, rice, rye or soybeans with a fungus called koji (aspergillus oryzae). The creamy paste that is produced by this process is chock full of yummy and healthy probiotic microorganisms (lactobacilli and bifidus bacteria). Since it can be made from several things, the resulting paste can vary in color from white through to dark brown. As a general rule of thumb, though, the darker the miso paste, the stronger and saltier it is.
The health benefits, like any probiotic food, are plentiful. Miso is definitely nutrient dense. Aside from the beneficial probiotics it contains, it's full of B vitamins (especially B12), is a complete protein (because it contains all essential amino acids) and is full of antioxidants (which help protect against free radicals). It's also supposed to strengthen the immune system, lower LDL cholesterol, and aid in digestion. Yee-Haw!
It's used in a variety of ways, as the star of a dish, or as a background flavoring. It's quite a unique and somewhat strong flavor, but if you already like the taste of soy sauce, you are well on your way to enjoying miso.
Here are a few suggestions for use:
Add about a tablespoon to a soup bowl of hot (but not boiling water). Stir to dissolve and either enjoy as a broth, or add some lightly cooked vegetables, seaweed, cubes of tofu, or even cooked noodles. Remember that the beneficial enzymes will die if you cook them, so it's best to 'assemble' your soup, but not cook it all together.
As a Spread
Similar to South African Marmite, it can be used on toast for a rich, savory snack. Spread thin, though, as it's potent stuff.
As a Seasoning
It's salty and rich, so use wherever you need a boost of salt and a depth of flavor. Great in stews, casseroles, and even as part of a sweet glaze for meats. Add miso just as you take whatever you're cooking off the heat.
(photo courtesy of publicdomainpictures.net and can be found here)