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Monday, January 20, 2014

Probiotic Foods: Sauerkraut

I honestly never thought that sauerkraut could possibly be a 'health food,' especially since it is often served with stodgy sausages of varying kinds or on top of hot dogs.

But the more I've looked into it, the more sauerkraut impresses the crud out of me.

Usually made out of only two ingredients (cabbage and salt, though sometimes with other vegetables, too), it's the fermentation process that produces copious nutritional benefits.  Of course, as with all probiotic foods, home made versions, done properly, are much better for you than store bought ones.  The less fermented foods are fussed with and heated, the better.  Too much processing kills  beneficial bacteria and microorganisms.

Rich in Vitamin C, A, E, B and digestive enzymes, it's also a great source of lactic acid bacteria such as pediococcus and lactobacillus (which is the probiotic element).  Apparently, the juice from sauerkraut is also supposed to be helpful in addressing gastrointestinal issues, like constipation and diarrhea.  It's also supposed to be something of a flu preventative and possibly even help reduce allergy symptoms.

Nifty, huh?  

So how about a recipe?

It's a process that takes time, though it isn't difficult to do.  But you must be patient as the process of fermentation isn't instantaneous and is what produces the health benefits we're looking for.

Equipment:
  • Non-reactive container, such as a ceramic crock or food-grade plastic bucket, at least one gallon or greater in capacity.
  • Large, non-reactive bowl.
  • Clean plate to fit snuggly inside the container of your choice.
  • Spotlessly clean weight of some sort (Clean jug filled with water works well). 
  • Clean cloth (cheesecloth, towel or sheet, etc.)
Ingredients (per gallon):
  • 5 pounds cabbage (white or any particular mix you prefer)
  • 3 tablespoons sea salt (NOT table salt)
Method:
  1. Core cabbage and shred to your liking (as finely or thickly as you like)  
  2. As you go, layer cabbage and sprinkles of salt in the large bowl.  The salt will begin to pull out the water in the cabbage and will become the brine that the cabbage will ferment in.
  3. When all is shredded and salted, begin to pack it into your fermenting container.  
  4. After you add each layer, you must tamp it down well.  The end of a solid wood rolling pin works well for this.  The tamping not only makes sure the sauerkraut is tightly packed, but it also helps to force the water out of the cabbage.  
  5. When the cabbage is all well packed, place the clean plate on the top of the cabbage and weigh it down with a heavy, clean, weight to keep the cabbage submerged.
  6. Cover the entire thing with a cloth, making sure that there are no gaps for bugs to enter.
  7. Every few hours, gently press down on the weight through the cloth to keep pressing the water out.  It should continue to rise until it comes above the plate.
  8. After 24 hours, check to ensure the liquid has, indeed, come above the level of the plate.  If it hasn't, add salt water in the ratio of one teaspoon per cup (well dissolved) until it does.
  9. Place your crock/container in a cool place to ferment.
  10. If the room temperature where you are storing your fermenting sauerkraut is an average of 75 degrees, you need to allow about 3 weeks for fermentation. If the temperature is approximately 70 degrees, allow about 4 weeks. If the temperature averages 65 degrees, you'll need to allow 5 weeks. If 60 degrees, allow 6 weeks.  Of course, this is down to personal taste.
  11. Begin to check the sauerkraut after two days, and then every day after that.  If surface molds appears, don't despair.  Skim off as best you can and clean the plate and weight before replacing.
  12. Your sauerkraut should  be tangy, but pleasant.  When you are happy with the flavor, pack into sterilized jars, apply tight lids and store in the fridge.


(photo courtesy of publicdomainpictures.net and can be found here)

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